Parkinson’s disease: Everything you need to know about the neurological disorder

Parkinson’s disease: Everything you need to know about the neurological disorder

Parkinson’s disease is one of the most common neurological disorders which prevails most in the elderly age group. It is a condition in which a patient holds limited or no control over his movements and body balance. It occurs and progresses with ageing, but in rare cases, it is also witnessed among children and teenagers as well. Also, men are more prone to Parkinson’s disease than women, says Dr Rajul Aggrawal, senior consultant, neurologist, Sri Balaji Action Medical Institute, New Delhi who further discusses Parkinson’s disease in detail.

As a disease of the central nervous system characterised by difficulty in movements, Parkinson’s has four main symptoms, namely tremors, stiffness, postural instabilities, and slowness of movements. Parkinson’s disease is a degenerative disease of the brain as a result of which brain neurons are unable to produce dopamine. When dopamine reduces in the brain, it causes the emergence of symptoms of Parkinson’s. Parkinson’s is a progressive disease though the rate of deterioration may vary in different individuals.

*Genetic Factors: Researchers have identified several genes responsible for Parkinson’s but these are rare except in cases where several family members are affected by Parkinson’s disease.

*Exposure to certain toxins or environmental factors may increase the risk of Parkinson’s disease but the risk is relatively less.

*Men are 50 per cent more likely to be affected by Parkinson’s than women.

*Most people develop Parkinson’s after 60 years of age. Though 5 to 10 per cent can develop Parkinson’s before the age of 50 years. This condition is called early-onset disease which is often but not always inherited.

*Parkinson’s patients may also experience other symptoms such as difficulty in swallowing, chewing, speaking, urinary problems, constipation, skin problems, depression, emotional changes and sleep disruption. They may occur much before the appearance of cardinal motor symptoms…Read more>>